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forked-daapd

Linux/FreeBSD DAAP (iTunes) and MPD media server with support for AirPlay devices (multiroom), Apple Remote (and compatibles), Chromecast, Spotify and internet radio.

Installation instructions for forked-daapd

This document contains instructions for installing forked-daapd from the git tree.

The source for this version of forked-daapd can be found here: ejurgensen/forked-daapd

The original (now unmaintained) source can be found here: jblache/forked-daapd

Quick version for Raspbian (Raspberry Pi)

See the instructions here: Improved forked-daapd (iTunes server) - Raspberry Pi Forums

Quick version for Debian/Ubuntu users

If you are the lucky kind, this should get you all the required tools and libraries:

sudo apt-get install \
  build-essential git autotools-dev autoconf automake libtool gettext gawk \
  gperf antlr3 libantlr3c-dev libconfuse-dev libunistring-dev libsqlite3-dev \
  libavcodec-dev libavformat-dev libavfilter-dev libswscale-dev libavutil-dev \
  libasound2-dev libmxml-dev libgcrypt20-dev libavahi-client-dev zlib1g-dev \
  libevent-dev libplist-dev libsodium-dev libjson-c-dev libwebsockets-dev \
  libcurl4-openssl-dev

Note that forked-daapd will also work with other versions and flavours of libgcrypt and libcurl, so the above are just suggestions.

While forked-daapd will work with versions of libevent between 2.0.0 and 2.1.3, it is recommended to use 2.1.4+. Otherwise you may not have support for simultaneous streaming to multiple DAAP clients.

Optional packages:

Feature Configure argument Packages
Chromecast --enable-chromecast libgnutls*-dev libprotobuf-c-dev
Spotify --enable-spotify libspotify-dev
Player web UI --disable-webinterface libwebsockets-dev
Live web UI --with-libwebsockets libwebsockets-dev
Pulseaudio --with-pulseaudio libpulse-dev

Then run the following (adding configure arguments for optional features):

git clone https://github.com/ejurgensen/forked-daapd.git
cd forked-daapd
autoreconf -i
./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var
make
sudo make install

Finally, read the section Long version - after installation in the bottom of this document, which describes configuration, setting up init scripts and adding a system user. Also see the README.md for usage information.

Quick version for Fedora

If you haven’t already enabled the free RPM fusion packages do that, since you will need ffmpeg. You can google how to do that. Then run:

sudo yum install \
  git automake autoconf gettext-devel gperf gawk libtool \
  sqlite-devel libconfuse-devel libunistring-devel mxml-devel libevent-devel \
  avahi-devel libgcrypt-devel zlib-devel alsa-lib-devel ffmpeg-devel \
  libplist-devel libsodium-devel json-c-devel libwebsockets-devel

Clone the forked-daapd repo:

git clone https://github.com/ejurgensen/forked-daapd.git
cd forked-daapd

Now you need to install ANTLR3, but you probably can’t use the version that comes with the package manager (but do try that first). Instead you can install it by running this script:

scripts/antlr35_install.sh

Then run the following:

autoreconf -i
./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var
make
sudo make install

Finally, read the section Long version - after installation in the bottom of this document, which describes configuration, setting up init scripts and adding a system user. Also see the README for usage information.

Quick version for FreeBSD

You can use the ports framework to handle dependencies and build options, so the following is sufficient to build from source on FreeBSD:

cd /usr/ports/audio/forked-daapd
make install

Otherwise, there is a script in the ‘scripts’ folder that will at least attempt to do all the work for you. And should the script not work for you, you can still look through it and use it as an installation guide.

Quick version for macOS (using Homebrew)

This workflow file used for building forked-daapd via Github actions includes all the steps that you need to execute: .github/workflows/macos.yml

“Quick” version for macOS (using macports)

Caution: macports requires many downloads and lots of time to install (and sometimes build) ports… you’ll want a decent network connection and some patience!

Install macports (which requires Xcode): https://www.macports.org/install.php

Install Apple’s Java (this enables java command on OSX 10.7+): https://support.apple.com/kb/DL1572?locale=en_US

Afterwards, you can optionally install Oracle’s newer version, and then choose it using the Java pref in the System Preferences: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html

sudo port install \
  autoconf automake libtool pkgconfig git gperf libgcrypt \
  libunistring libconfuse ffmpeg libevent json-c libwebsockets curl \
  libplist libsodium

Download, configure, build and install the Mini-XML library: http://www.msweet.org/projects.php/Mini-XML

Download, configure, build and install the libinotify library: https://github.com/libinotify-kqueue/libinotify-kqueue

Add the following to .bashrc:

# add /usr/local to pkg-config path
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig:/opt/local/lib/pkgconfig
# libunistring doesn't support pkg-config, set overrides
export LIBUNISTRING_CFLAGS=-I/opt/local/include
export LIBUNISTRING_LIBS="-L/opt/local/lib -lunistring"

Optional features require the following additional ports:

Feature Configure argument Ports
Chromecast --enable-chromecast gnutls protobuf-c
Pulseaudio --with-pulseaudio pulseaudio

Clone the forked-daapd repo:

git clone https://github.com/ejurgensen/forked-daapd.git
cd forked-daapd

Install antlr3 and library using the included script:

scripts/antlr35_install.sh -p /usr/local

Finally, configure, build and install, adding configure arguments for optional features:

autoreconf -i
./configure
make
sudo make install

Note: if for some reason you’ve installed the avahi port, you need to add --without-avahi to configure above.

Edit /usr/local/etc/forked-daapd.conf and change the uid to a nice system daemon (eg: unknown), and run the following:

sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/var/run
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/var/log # or change logfile in conf
sudo chown unknown /usr/local/var/cache/forked-daapd # or change conf

Run forked-daapd:

sudo /usr/local/sbin/forked-daapd

Verify it’s running (you need to Ctrl+C to stop dns-sd):

dns-sd -B _daap._tcp

Long version - requirements

Required tools:

Libraries:

If using binary packages, remember that you need the development packages to build forked-daapd (usually named -dev or -devel).

sqlite3 needs to be built with support for the unlock notify API; this isn’t always the case in binary packages, so you may need to rebuild sqlite3 to enable the unlock notify API (you can check for the presence of the sqlite3_unlock_notify symbol in the sqlite3 library). Refer to the sqlite3 documentation, look for SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY.

libav (or ffmpeg) is a central piece of forked-daapd and most other FLOSS multimedia applications. The version of libav you use will potentially have a great influence on your experience with forked-daapd.

Long version - building and installing

Start by generating the build system by running autoreconf -i. This will generate the configure script and Makefile.in.

The configure script will look for a wrapper called antlr3 in the PATH to invoke ANTLR3. If your installation of ANTLR3 does not come with such a wrapper, create one as follows:

#!/bin/sh
CLASSPATH=...
exec /path/to/java -cp $CLASSPATH org.antlr.Tool "$@"

Adjust the CLASSPATH as needed so that Java will find all the jars needed by ANTLR3.

The parsers will be generated during the build, no manual intervention is needed.

To display the configure options run ./configure --help.

Support for Spotify is optional. Use --enable-spotify to enable this feature. If you enable this feature libspotify/api.h is required at compile time. Forked-daapd uses runtime dynamic linking to the libspotify library, so even though you compiled with --enable-spotify, the executable will still be able to run on systems without libspotify (the Spotify features will then be disabled).

Support for LastFM scrobbling is optional. Use --enable-lastfm to enable this feature.

Support for the MPD protocol is optional. Use --disable-mpd to disable this feature.

Support for Chromecast devices is optional. Use --enable-chromecast to enable this feature.

The player web interface is optional. Use --disable-webinterface to disable this feature. If enabled, sudo make install will install the prebuild html, js, css files. The prebuild files are:

The source for the player web interface is located under the web-src folder and requires nodejs >= 6.0 to be built. In the web-src folder run npm install to install all dependencies for the player web interface. After that run npm run build. This will build the web interface and update the htdocs folder. (See README_PLAYER_WEBINTERFACE.md for more informations)

Building with libwebsockets is required if you want the web interface. It will be enabled if the library is present (with headers). Use --without-libwebsockets to disable.

Building with Pulseaudio is optional. It will be enabled if the library is present (with headers). Use --without-pulseaudio to disable.

Recommended build settings:

./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --localstatedir=/var

After configure run the usual make, and if that went well, sudo make install.

You may see two kinds of warnings during make. First, /usr/bin/antlr3 may generate a long series of warnings that begin like this:

warning(24):  template error: context ...

Second, you may see compiler warnings that look like this:

RSPLexer.c: In function `mESCAPED':
RSPLexer.c:2674:16: warning: unused variable `_type' [-Wunused-variable]
  ANTLR3_UINT32 _type;
                ^~~~~

You can safely ignore all of these warnings.

Long version - after installation

After installation:

Note that sudo make install will not install any system files to start the service after boot, and it will not setup a system user.

forked-daapd will drop privileges to any user you’ll specify in the configuration file if it’s started as root.

This user must have read permission on your library (you can create a group for this and make the user a member of the group, for instance) and read/write permissions on the database location ($localstatedir/cache/forked-daapd by default).

If your system uses systemd then you might be able to use the service file included, see forked-daapd.service.

Otherwise you might need an init script to start forked-daapd at boot. A simple init script will do, forked-daapd daemonizes all by itself and creates a pidfile under /var/run. Different distributions have different standards for init scripts and some do not use init scripts anymore; check the documentation for your distribution.

For dependency-based boot systems, here are the forked-daapd dependencies:

The LSB header below sums it up:

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          forked-daapd
# Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs $network $time
# Required-Stop:     $local_fs $remote_fs $network $time
# Should-Start:      avahi
# Should-Stop:       avahi
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: DAAP/DACP (iTunes) server, support for AirPlay and Spotify
# Description:       forked-daapd is an iTunes-compatible media server for
#                    sharing your media library over the local network with DAAP
#                    clients like iTunes. Like iTunes, it can be controlled by
#                    Apple Remote (and compatibles) and stream music directly to
#                    AirPlay devices. It also supports streaming to RSP clients
#                    (Roku devices) and streaming from Spotify.
### END INIT INFO